Daniel 7:25 and it speaks words against the Most High, and it wears out the set-apart ones of the Most High, and it intends to change appointed times1 and law2, and they are given into its hand for a time and times and half a time. Footnotes: 1This is another word for festivals. 2Changing the law amounts to lawlessness. Read in 2 Thess. 2:3-12 about “the lawless one” and the “lawlessness” which would take over (indeed, it has already taken over!) in the set-apart place, and also about Messiah’s judgment upon the lawless “prophets” in Mt. 7:23, and the lawless “believers” in Matt. 13:41 (The Scriptures 1998+)!
“…much of what is called Christianity today is not the Christianity of the New Testament; it is distinctly different…. Jesus is not the fountainhead of modern Christianity. He is scarcely thought about. -Oswald Chambers 1874 – 1917; author of My Utmost For His Highest p. 586
We concur completely with President George Washington as he wrote to Moses Seixas, Warden of Kahal Kadosh Yeshuat Israel, the Hebrew congregation of Newport, Rhode Island, and said; “May the children of the stock of Abraham who dwell in this land continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other inhabitants; while every one shall sit in safety under his own vine and fig tree and there shall be none to make him afraid”. Be assured that when George Washington wrote this he understood the stock of Abraham to be the generations of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
Notice in the above excerpt that George Washington didn’t address his letter to “the Jews” of… Originally, the word “Jew” was primarily utilized as a shortened version of the the word “Judah”. Judah is only one of the twelve tribes that compose, the whole of, the nation of Israel. There are eleven others.
What began as an abbreviated form of only one small portion of the people of Israel has now taken on many meanings. Today the word “Jew/Jewish” can refer to a person’s ethnicity, promoters of the “new world order”, religious preference or many other inferences. And of course the term “Jew” can also be applied toward the religious system that is based upon the (man made) Talmud and other man-made religious laws and traditions.
The word “Jew/Jewish” should not be considered synonymous with the term “Hebrew”. However, generally speaking, the terms “Hebrews” and Biblical (not political) “Israel” are synonymous.
It is critically important to note that the terms “Hebrew” or “Biblical Israel” are not synonymous with the (mostly secular) body politic currently operating in the land of Israel or the terms “Jew” / “Jewish”.
Abraham (known as the Father of our Faith) was not Jewish but he was a Hebrew. Being of the people of Israel; King David, and Yeshua (Jesus) Himself, were also Hebrew. And in their case they were specifically from the tribe of Judah as well. But they were definitely not “Jews” in the modern sense of the word.
We make no attempt to be “Jewish”. But like some of the early founders of America, we do readily embrace the Hebrew Roots or Hebraic Roots of the Christian Faith as recorded by Moses, the Prophets, the Writings of the “Old Testament”, the Gospels of the “New Testament” and the Epistles. We joyfully embrace ALL of the Bible from Genesis to Revelation
According to Strong’s Concordance, the definition of “Christian” is “follower of Christ”. Not that long ago in American History, The Ten Commandments which Yeshua (the Hebrew name for Jesus) taught, along with the rest of the Bible,were vigorously expounded upon among Christians. Though you may or may not hear this at the corner church these days; What we purpose is not new. It’s just a returning to many of the basic doctrines of the Christian faith and the way things should still be.
Returning to the Roots of our faith
The Biblical roots of Christianity grew from an everlasting covenant that Yahweh God made with Abraham. Today, as always, Believers enter into and become part of that same covenant through faith in Jesus Christ (Yeshua the Messiah).
Apostle Paul, who had previously been a Jewish Rabbi, wrote these words to fellow Believers in Rome, “Do not boast against the branches (Israel). But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root (root =Israel and the Hebrew origins of our faith), but the root supports you (Yahweh God’s people)” (Romans 11:18).
As people of Yahweh, the God of the Bible, and followers of Yeshua the Messiah (Jesus the Christ), the more we know and learn about our Biblical Hebraic roots, the better we can know and serve Yahweh, the God of the Bible. And the more we know Him the more productive, fruitful and blessed we are in our daily lives.
A Fuller, Clearer Understanding of the Bible
When we read the Bible through Hebrew / Hebraic eyes (of which it was written), our understanding becomes much richer and deeper. A clearer perspective evolves to include things that we never before even knew existed. The impurities float to the top and the good stuff is left remaining.
Exciting Insights About Yeshua (Jesus) the Messiah and His teachings
When you are born into a country, or even simply live in a country, you accept it’s language, customs and culture (theoretically). In these ways you are able to function and communicate with others of the same nationality ie; your neighbors, employer, customers, and others. Abraham along with King David, Yeshua and His early followers were primarily Hebrews of the nation of Israel. Therefore, the more we understand and embrace the Bible from the perspective of those who lived, breathed and penned it, the more we will understand Yahweh God and Yeshua the Messiah. Please note that Biblical Israel is not synonymous with the geographical / political Israel that we see on the news today.
Interesting facts about (Jesus the Christ) Yeshua the Messiah; He
- Read and studied only the Hebrew Scriptures / “Old Testament” (The “New Testament” had not yet been written. Please note that we accept Gen. – Rev. as the inspired Word of God)
- Spoke the Hebrew language of the Hebrew Bible.
- Wore His clothing in accordance with the Bible and customs of Biblical Israel
- Ate foods as instructed in the Bible
- Kept Yahweh’s Sabbath as instructed in the Bible (The Fourth Commandment)
- Celebrated the Biblical Holy/Feast-days as instructed in the Bible
- Didn’t celebrate Christmas, sunrise service at easter or Halloween
- Didn’t belong to a state licensed church
- Followed the Hebraic customs of Israel
- Lived His life committed to the Ten Commandments and the Torah (Pentateuch)
- and instructed everyone else to do the same
In these ways, as Yeshua / Jesus was unquestionably a Hebrew of Israel, we readily embrace and hold fast to the attributes of Yeshua the Messiah as expressed in the Hebrew Roots of our faith. Likewise we also appreciate the Spirit, Truth and commitment of the disciples and Apostles that were commissioned by Yeshua as recorded in the Bible from Matthew to Revelation. For more information regarding what we believe please click here.
Clarification of Paul’s Writings
Apostle Paul is probably the most misunderstood person in the Bible. Both Christians and Jews think that Paul was an “anti-Law” Jew who created his own religion and called it Christianity. But when we understand that Apostle Paul was a Hebrew of the nation of Israel, and that He approached Yeshua the Messiah, The Ten Commandments, and the “Law” or Pentateuch (and the rest of the Hebrew Bible), from that perspective, then we are able to see Apostle Paul and his writings from an entirely different light. Suddenly the confusion slips away.
From a Western world view, “the Law” (Torah) is erroneously understood as a legalistic system of rules which Israel had to keep in order to be “saved”. The Western world view of “Grace” has come to be understood as freedom from “the Law”. As these understandings have evolved, “the law” of Judaism and the “grace” of Christianity have been placed in opposition to one another. Was this by design? These are modern world views but this is not what Yeshua, Apostle Paul, or the others who embraced first century Christianity taught and lived. This is evident by their writings. But unfortunately things have become muddled.
A Better understanding of Yeshua
As we accept Yeshua as the Messiah, an exciting benefit of understanding Biblical Israel and the Hebraic roots of our faith is that we are enabled to understand Yeshua the Messiah more and we are then subsequently able to follow Him better. A quick, objective view of the Bible will reveal that, generally speaking, the Bible is a book written by Hebrews of Israel to all of God’s people. Unfortunately this understanding has been derailed and convoluted by others with racist views. Because of this it is important to understand that the Bible was lovingly given to the world so that ALL could accept the Salvation offered through redemption by Yeshua as the Messiah.
Today, the Catholic and Babylonian influences, along with apostasy, have had a tremendous impact / influence upon the Protestant / Christian Church. As stated in other areas of the web site; though this information may understandably seem like a bit of a stretch today; in days past the relationship between the Hebrew Roots of our faith and Yeshua the Messiah was not so difficult to see. For example, in early America, the Sabbath was strictly practiced, there were no commercial holidays to confuse things, The Ten Commandments were closely adhered to and the entire Bible was America’s text book and governing document for individual citizenship. Just The New England Primer alone is glaring evidence of that.
Just as Yeshua and the Apostles walked out Biblical principles in their daily lives; In many ways, by looking at early America we can see how Biblical principles can and should be applied to our daily lives today.
As a part of America’s Godly heritage we concur completely with George Washington. As President Washington wrote to Moses Seixas, Warden of Kahal Kadosh Yeshuat Israel, the Hebrew congregation of Newport, Rhode Island, he said;
“May the children of the stock of Abraham who dwell in this land continue to merit and enjoy the good will of the other inhabitants; while every one shall sit in safety under his own vine and fig tree and there shall be none to make him afraid”.
This information was originally found at: http://lwhf.com/hebrew-roots-christian-faith-old-testament/ TorahIs4Today does not necessarily agree with anything else found on their website because we have not read it all to make such a statement.
Torah is not:
- All Israelite/Jewish man-made law and tradition
- Oral commentary known as the Talmud
- Additional important writings
(The Instructions a.k.a. Law):
- Bereishith (In the beginning…) (Genesis)
- Shemoth (The names…) (Exodus)
- Vayiqra (And He called…) (Leviticus)
- Bamidbar (In the wilderness…) (Numbers)
- Devarim (The words…) (Deuteronomy)
Most “Christian” Bibles (Bibles that include the First Century Writings aka “New” Testament) have the Tanakh (falsely called the “Old” Testament) arranged in the wrong order. The word Tanakh is an acrostic of Torah, Nevi’im and Ketuvim.
The following order is correct from my understanding.
TORAH (The Law):
- Bereishith (In the beginning…) (Genesis)
- Shemoth (The names…) (Exodus)
- Vayiqra (And He called…) (Leviticus)
- Bamidbar (In the wilderness…) (Numbers)
- Devarim (The words…) (Deuteronomy)
NEVI’IM (The Prophets):
- Yehoshua (Joshua)
- Shoftim (Judges)
- Shmuel (I &II Samuel)
- Melakhim (I & II Kings)
- Yeshayah (Isaiah)
- Yirmyah (Jeremiah)
- Yechezqel (Ezekiel)
- The Twelve (treated as one book):
- Hoshea (Hosea)
- Yoel (Joel)
- Ovadyah (Obadiah)
- Yonah (Jonah)
- Mikhah (Micah)
- Chavaqquq (Habbakkuk)
- Tzefanyah (Zephaniah)
- Zekharyah (Zechariah)
KETHUVIM (The Writings):
- Tehillim (Psalms)
- Mishlei (Proverbs)
- Iyov (Job)
- Shir Ha-Shirim (Song of Songs)
- Eikhah (Lamentations)
- Qoheleth (the author’s name) (Ecclesiastes)
- Ezra & Nechemyah (Nehemiah) (treated as one book)
- Divrei Ha-Yamim (The words of the days) (Chronicles)
Ah, the peace, love and tolerance! Here are some delightful sentiments that we should encourage spreading around the world! Why, oh why, are there violent religious fanatics attacking nonbelievers all over the globe?? [/sarc]
“About sixty-one percent of the contents of the Koran are found to speak ill of the unbelievers or call for their violent conquest; at best only 2.6 percent of the verses of the Koran are noted to show goodwill toward humanity. About seventy-five percent of Muhammad’s biography (Sira) consists of jihad waged on unbelievers.”
–Dr. Moorthy Muthuswamy
Quotes from the Quran/Koran
“This Book is not to be doubted…. As for the unbelievers, it is the same whether or not you forewarn them; they will not have faith. God has set a seal upon their hearts and ears; their sight is dimmed and grievous punishment awaits them.” Quran 2:1/2:6-2:10
“God’s curse be upon the infidels! Evil is that for which they have bartered away their souls. To deny God’s own revelation, grudging that He should reveal His bounty to whom He chooses from among His servants! They have incurred God’s most inexorable wrath. An ignominious punishment awaits the unbelievers.” Quran 2:89-2:90
“Lord…Give us victory over the unbelievers.” Quran 2:286
“Lord…give us victory over the unbelievers.” Quran 3:147
“I shall cast terror into the hearts of the infidels. Strike off their heads, strike off the very tips of their fingers.” Quran 8:12
“Let not the unbelievers think they will ever get away. They have not the power so to do. Muster against them all the men and cavalry at your command, so that you may strike terror into the enemy of Allah and your enemy…” Quran 8:59-60
“When the sacred months are over slay the idolaters wherever you find them. Arrest them, besiege them, and lie in ambush everywhere for them.” Quran 9:5
“Prophet, make war on the unbelievers and the hypocrites and deal rigorously with them. Hell shall be their home: an evil fate.” Quran 9:73
“Believers, make war on the infidels who dwell around you. Deal firmly with them. Know that God is with the righteous.” Quran 9:123
“Believers, take neither the Jews nor the Christians for your friends. They are friends with one another…” Quran 5:51
“He that chooses a religion over Islam, it will not be accepted from him and in the world to come he will be one of the lost.” Quran 3:85
“Let not believers make friends with infidels in preference to the faithful – he that does this has nothing to hope for from Good – except in self-defense. God admonishes you to fear Him: for to God shall all return.” Quran 3:28
“Garments of fire have been prepared for the unbelievers. Scalding water shall be poured upon their heads, melting their skins and that which is in their bellies. They shall be lashed with rods of iron.
“Whenever, in their anguish, they try to escape from Hell, back they shall be dragged, and will be told: ‘Taste the torment of the Conflagration!’” Quran 22:19-20
“Muhammad is God’s apostle. Those who follow him are ruthless to the unbelievers but merciful to one another.” Quran 48:29
“Those that deny Our revelations We will burn in fire. No sooner will their skins be consumed than We shall give them other skins, so that they may truly taste the scourge. God is mighty and wise.” Quran 4:56
“Believers, know that the idolaters [non-Muslims] are unclean. Let them not approach the Sacred Mosque after this year is ended.” Quran 9:28
“The unbelievers among the People of the Book [Bible] and the pagans shall burn for ever in the fire of Hell. They are the vilest of all creatures.” Quran 98:6
For the Dawood translation with the side-by-side Arabic, follow the links here:
What is a ‘kaffir?’
Also spelled ‘kafir’ or ‘kaffir’, Kuffar is a highly derogatory Arabic term used to refer to non-Muslims, though it is usually directed less against “People of the Book” (Christians and Jews) and more against others (Hindus, Buddhists, Shintoists, etc).
Separate laws govern Muslims and kuffars in an Islamic state with kuffars being viciously suppressed. For example: the blood payment to the family of a murdered Muslim man in Saudi Arabia is 1,000,000 Riyals; the payment to the family of a murdered Hindu woman is 3,333 Riyals.
“Against kuffars make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war to strike terror into the (hearts of) the Enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside, whom you may not know, but whom Allah does know. Whatever you shall spend in the Cause of Allah, shall be repaid to you, and you shall not be treated unjustly.” (Qur’an: 8:60)
Lest one be tempted to shout, “Out of Context!,” note that it is not we who are taking these Koranic quotes “out of context” but devout (“radical/extremist”) Muslims such as those in the “ummah” or Islamic global community who are doing so. (Note that awliyaa means “friends of Allah.”) The videos below demonstrate this infidelophobic attitude, which we can tell also from the vast bloodshed over the past 1,400 years or so of jihad against infidels.
#antimuslim #AntiMuslimIslam #Antiradicalislam #globalrallyforhumanity #AntiIslam #rising
#antiSemitism #riseup #standup #beheard #peacefulprotest #protest #freespeech
#declarationofindependance #stopwaronthewest #stopacademicjihad #truthisnothatespeech
#arabic #extreme #extremism #infidels #islam #jihad #kaffir #kafir #koran #kuffar #moslems
#muslims #non-muslims #quran #radical
Questions for Christians who believe they are free from the Law / Instructions / Torah
Below are some questions and Scripture passages that we believe are difficult to understand if the Torah is fulfilled in the sense that God’s children no longer need to follow it. They are passages that compelled us to begin looking into the issue of freedom from the law.
Zech 14:16-19 Have you considered why most Christians no longer keep the Biblical holy days? Most know that God’s people kept these holy days before Jesus came. Yet, the Bible also says His people will keep them again after He returns during the Millennium. If they used to keep them in the past, and we will keep them in the future, why don’t we keep them now? Notice the passage is talking about the nations of the world, not just Israel.
Then everyone who survives of all the nations that have come against Jerusalem shall go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Booths. And if any of the families of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, there will be no rain on them. And if the family of Egypt does not go up and present themselves, then on them there shall be no rain; there shall be the plague with which the LORD afflicts the nations that do not go up to keep the Feast of Booths. This shall be the punishment to Egypt and the punishment to all the nations that do not go up to keep the Feast of Booths. -Zechariah 14:16-19
Ezekiel 44:10-14 The temple that Ezekiel describes in detail is still future since the second temple did not fit this description and since God’s presence (43:1-5) never entered the second temple. Yet, in Ezekiel’s description, we see both the Levitical priesthood in service and sacrifices being made. If the law (Torah) is fulfilled and done away with, then why would the Prince reinstate it? (See Ezekiel 40-48 for the context.)
But the Levites who went far from me, going astray from me after their idols when Israel went astray, shall bear their punishment. They shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having oversight at the gates of the temple and ministering in the temple. They shall slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before the people, to minister to them. Because they ministered to them before their idols and became a stumbling block of iniquity to the house of Israel, therefore I have sworn concerning them, declares the Lord GOD, and they shall bear their punishment. They shall not come near to me, to serve me as priest, nor come near any of my holy things and the things that are most holy, but they shall bear their shame and the abominations that they have committed. Yet I will appoint them to keep charge of the temple, to do all its service and all that is to be done in it. -Ezekiel 44:10-14
Jeremiah 33:19-22 If the Levitical priesthood is no longer needed because of the work of Christ, then why does God say that his covenant with the Levitical priesthood can never be broken, even as his covenant which says there will be a son of David (Jesus) on the throne cannot be broken?
“For thus says the LORD: David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel, and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man in my presence to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to make sacrifices forever.” The word of the LORD came to Jeremiah: “Thus says the LORD: If you can break my covenant with the day and my covenant with the night, so that day and night will not come at their appointed time, then also my covenant with David my servant may be broken, so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne, and my covenant with the Levitical priests my ministers. As the host of heaven cannot be numbered and the sands of the sea cannot be measured, so I will multiply the offspring of David my servant, and the Levitical priests who minister to me.” – Jeremiah 33:17-22
Leviticus 23 covers God’s instructions to Israel to remember special days every year. These are commonly referred to as the “Jewish holidays” today and include such days as the Day of Atonement, Passover, and Feast of Tabernacles among others. Concerning these days, God tells them to keep them FOREVER. It does not say to celebrate these days just until Jesus comes. It does not say to do this until God tells them to stop or frees them from this obligation. Did God not know Jesus was coming to save sinners? Of course He knew. Was God lying? No. Was God wrong? No. Maybe these commands are only for Jewish believers and not Gentile believers! That rings hollow. Does Christ have two brides? Are there two chosen people of God? Remember that Paul teaches that Gentile believers were grafted INTO Israel (Romans 11:17-24). Here is one example, see the whole chapter for more:
“You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the LORD. You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the LORD. And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD. And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings. And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations. Lev 23:15-21
Acts 25:7-8, 21:20-24 Most of the NT freedom passages are written by Paul. These passages supposedly teach that Christians are free from the Law of Moses. If Paul was so emphatic on teaching his converts freedom from the Mosaic Law, then why does Luke tell us that the Jews could not prove this charge and that Paul adamantly denied teaching against the Law? Luke also says the other apostles did not believe Paul was teaching against the Law, yet so many today feel he is.
When he had arrived, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, bringing many and serious charges against him that they could not prove. Paul argued in his defense, “Neither against the law of the Jews, nor against the temple, nor against Caesar have I committed any offense.” – Acts 25:7-8
And when they heard it, they glorified God. And they said to him, “You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed. They are all zealous for the law, and they have been told about you that you teach all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or walk according to our customs. What then is to be done? They will certainly hear that you have come. Do therefore what we tell you. We have four men who are under a vow; take these men and purify yourself along with them and pay their expenses, so that they may shave their heads. Thus all will know that there is nothing in what they have been told about you, but that you yourself also live in observance of the law. – Acts 21:20-24
Deuteronomy 13 This chapter contains instructions to Israel for testing someone who claims to be a prophet. The criteria for whether Israel should listen to the one who claims to be a prophet is NOT whether this person can do signs and wonders (13:1), but rather if this prophet teaches obedience to the Torah. Only a few chapters later Moses tells Israel that God will raise up a prophet like Moses (18:15). Most understand this passage to be referring to Jesus, and even Israel was still waiting for this prophet when Jesus came the first time (Acts 7:37, John 1:21). Thus, this prophet, like Moses, would have to satisfy the Deuteronomy 13 prophet test as well. He must teach obedience to the Torah. Therefore, could Jesus teach that the era for the Torah was over? Could the purpose of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection be to free his followers from the Torah? Would it be acceptable for his apostles to teach disobedience to the Torah?
You shall walk after the LORD your God and fear him and keep his commandments and obey his voice, and you shall serve him and hold fast to him. But that prophet or that dreamer of dreams shall be put to death, because he has taught rebellion against the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you out of the house of slavery, to make you leave the way in which the LORD your God commanded you to walk. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. Deuteronomy 13:4-5
Brigitte Gabriel – Truth About Islam. Truth About Quran, Muhammad, and Allah. World Caliphate Coming.
For more videos look up Brigitte Gabriel on youtube or a search engine
Written by Tony Robinson of Restoration of Torah Ministries
At this time Adonai is restoring the Torah as the foundational document for faith and practice among those of us called out from the nations. When reading through the book of Acts and the Epistles we clearly see the body of Messiah, consisting of Jewish and non-Jewish believers living in Torah based communities. Why didn’t this union of Jew and non-Jew continue throughout the centuries? What happened to separate the non-Jewish believers from their Hebraic roots? Why did the early Western Roman church set itself against the synagogue and early Messianic believers? Hopefully, these well documented articles will answer some of these questions.
A Brief Survey of Early Church History – This is the first of four articles examining the “Seeds of Separation” planted within the body of Messiah. These seeds of separation caused non-Jewish believers to reject the Torah (Law) and separate from the Messianic Jewish believers. This first article is a general overview of Church history as it relates to the theme of “Seeds of Separation.”
They Were Different From the Jews and Different From the Christians – This second article presents a plethora of evidence that 1) the non-Jewish believers of the Western Roman Church deliberately separated themselves from the Messianic Jewish believers, 2) the early Messianic believers (of the book of Acts) and their offspring (through many generations) continued to observe the Torah (Law) since they did not perceive it as having been abolished, and 3) the non-Jewish believers separated themselves from the early Messianic Jewish believers because of issues related to obedience to the Torah (Law).
The Earliest Divisions Within the Christian Church – This article provides concrete evidence (from the recorded testimony of Christians of the 1st – 4th centuries) that the earliest Christian Churches worshiped on the Biblical Sabbath day and kept the festivals of Leviticus 23. Furthermore, it shows that the Western Roman Churches were the first to abolish Sabbath and Festival observance, while the Churches of the East (including those listed in the book of Revelation) continued to celebrate Passover and other Feasts found in Leviticus 23 to the dismay of the Western Churches.
Seeds of Separation, Fruits of Replacement – The fourth article discusses one of the most damaging effects of the seeds of separation–Replacement Theology. After rejecting the Torah and their Hebraic roots, the non-Jewish believers went on to define themselves as “the church,” an entity separate from and better than the people of Israel. The Church Fathers saw the destruction of Jerusalem (and the Temple; 70CE), and the exile of the Jewish nation (135 CE) as divine signs that Adonai had rejected Judaism (specifically the Mosaic covenant) as a religion and the Jewish people as the covenant people of Adonai. With forty references, this article clearly discusses the motivations of the Church Fathers for separating themselves from anything Jewish and how they did it.